Oldest on the Iberian Peninsula and among the oldest on the continent, Portugal is the furthest western nation of mainland Europe, flanked by the Atlantic and Spain. The Azores and Madeira are part of Portugal, although each archipelago maintains an autonomous regional government.
Portugal is steeped in layered history, having been settled, invaded, and fought over continually. It was home to Celtic peoples and visited by Phoenicians-Carthaginians and Ancient Greeks before the Romans came
About Portugal and the Alentejo region
Alentejo was of particular interest to Roman rulers who prized its wheat fields. Remnants of Roman rule are still very much in evidence in the roads, temples, baths, and aqueducts scattered across the countryside. Germanic peoples came next, followed by the Moors who absorbed most of Portugal’s current territory into Al-Andalus.